Growing Bonsai Plants Indoors

bonsai tree in blue pot

Growing bonsai plants indoors is the way to have and enjoy this living art all year long. They are a type of small tree or shrub that is grown in a container and cultivated to remain a dwarf version of a mature tree.

 With the right care and attention, a bonsai can last for many years and provide a unique look to any home, office, or interior space while giving off a calming and attractive presence.

Because of their small size, they can be grown indoors, making it easy to enjoy the beauty of bonsai all year round. Bonsai trees are planted in small pots with minimal space for water and nutrient reserves; therefore, for bonsai to thrive indoors, it is important to give them plenty of light and the correct amount of water and fertilizer.

Moreover, you must have a bonsai tool to neatly cut trees with special contours and clean, even edges to keep your tree attractive. Beginners are advised to purchase some basic tools first, such as a fine concave cutter and standard scissors. The more intensively you work with Bonsai, the more special tools you will need in the future.

Growing Bonsai Plants Indoors for Home Decor

There are several ways to display bonsai plants indoors, depending on the surrounding decor and the desired look. A well-crafted ceramic pot, which provides a beautiful contrast with the plant’s natural colors can show off the bonsai and add a decorative touch.

Another option is to place the bonsai in a larger pot surrounded by moss or other small plants. Alternatively, the bonsai can be displayed in a shadowbox or hung on a wall with a custom-made mount for an eye-catching feature.

You can create a unique landscape display with multiple bonsai trees and accents such as rocks, pebbles, or figurines. In addition, you can group several plants together in one container to create an eye-catching arrangement.

Placing plants in a shallow tray and grouping them together creates a pleasing look, while also making it easier to water. Hanging bonsai trees from the ceiling or walls is also an impressive way to show off the beauty of these miniature trees and shrubs.

Pot: The pot is a very important part of bonsai as the composition of them together is what makes them a work of art.

Suitable Plants for Indoor Bonsai

When considering growing bonsai plants indoors, it’s important to select the right type of plant. There are a variety of plants that work well for bonsai indoors, but some are more popular than others. Only tropical and subtropical plants can survive indoors where temperatures are warm and stable throughout the year.

The Ficus, a tropical evergreen, is a classic choice along with the, schefflera. The Chinese elm is another popular option, with its delicate leaves and graceful arching branches. Other great options include the Japanese elm, and even citrus trees such as the dwarf lemon or dwarf orange plus pomegranate, and boxwood.

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There are several different styles of bonsai trees, each with its own unique look and feel. The five main styles are formal upright (Chokkan), informal upright (Moyogi), slanting (Shakan), broom (Hokidachi), and cascade (Kengai).

Each style has its own specific guidelines, such as the desired height and angle of the tree, the number and placement of branches, and the size and shape of the trunk.

For instance, the formal upright style should have a tall, straight trunk with branches that curve slightly outwards and come to a point at the top.

The informal upright style has a trunk that is slightly curved and branches that start lower down and grow in a more natural pattern.

The slanting style has a trunk that leans to one side and branches that curve outwards to give an asymmetrical look.

The broom style has multiple branches that spread outwards like a broom,

while the cascade style has branches that hang downwards in an arc, giving a waterfall-like effect.

Indoor Bonsai Care Tips

Light: Keep plant at a South facing window to keep the light intensity high, as lots of light is crucial for the life and health of your tree. Insufficient light will cause leaf drop.

Water: Thoroughly water your plant to make sure the entire root mass is watered whenever the soil gets slightly dry to touch. Monitor the tree closely and make sure it never dries out to prevent loss of leaves.

Fertilizer: Fertilize your indoor bonsai tree once every two weeks using a liquid fertilizer while watering to provide a steady supply of nutrients . The micronutrients in the fertilizer will deliver healthy growth to your tree without the harsh concentrates or solid fertilizers.

Humidity: Daily misting will help raise the humidity around your bonsai. You can also place your tree on a humidity tray filled with water.

Temperature: They prefer temperatures from 64 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and between 57 and 61 degrees Fahrenheit at night. Keep plant away from cold drafts.

Pruning: Regular pruning is required to maintain the shape of your bonsai. Prune shoots that have 4-5 leaves back to 2-3 leaves, using  sharp scissors.

Soil: Use an all-natural organic material for bonsai trees that is nutrient-rich. It should be a fast draining blend of pumice, lava, calcined clay and pine bark .

Repot: Move plant to a larger pot when you see the roots circling the root system in early spring.

Growing bonsai plants indoors is a great hobby, requiring patience and knowledge, that will give you the option to bring miniature trees indoors without having to worry about the hassle of taking care of a full-sized species.

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